Farzana Panhwar
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Farzana Panhwar


Farzana Panhwar was born on 15th September, 1957 in Karachi. She graduated (BSc) with Honours in Bio-chemistry in 1980 from Karachi University and then earned her MSc in Bio-chemistry in 1981 again from Karachi University. Subsequently, she specialised in nutrition and enzymology.

She has worked on soil chemistry, macro and micro nutrients, composts, organic fertilisers, and growth regulators as applied to fruit crops and post-harvest technology of sub-tropical fruits. She has published a number of articles on animal, poultry and prawn/shrimp feed, raising of shrimp and rabbits, plants of desert areas of Sindh, bio-gas form agricultural waste and genetic property.

Farzana has also published a numbers of articles in the fields of environment, education, pollution, health, nutrition, family planning, migration and sustainable agriculture. Her articles are already published in USA, UK, Canada, Australia, South Africa, Norway, Denmark, Finland New Zealand, Germany, Italy, Turkey, Greece, China, Taiwan, France, Netherlands and India. She is also a co-author with M.H. Panhwar for books on lychee, longan, grape fruit, guava, grapes, low chill apple and peach, fig and pomegranate. Her research work is continuing.

Following are Farzana’s work Experiences;

Prawn farming and prawn feed. The work was given up as coastal water turned too saline for prawn farming, Private Sector, 1982-1988.

Poultry and cattle feed. Work was abandoned in 1985, as benefit : cost ratio of stall feed animal was low as compared to other methods in agriculture for example growing fruit crops, Private Sector, 1983.

Rabbit farming. Though the rabbit farming was highly economical as compared to poultry, but market was limited and needed costly promotion all over Pakistan, Private Sector, 1984.

Bio-gas from agriculture wastes. About 200 plants were installed in Sindh by M/s. Lossavers, but work was given up as the technology needed sophisticated monitoring and owners were not interested in spending extra on maintenance.

Report on bio-gas plants installed by Energy Cell, Government of Pakistan from 1982-1988, for Planning Department, Government of Sindh.

Drying of roses and flowers. This was done in GI-sheet, house painted black on top and sides to absorb solar heat and at night time it was heated by a furnace run on agricultural wastes. The project was abandoned in 1989, when export prices came down to 40%, Private Sector, 1985-1989.

Re-mineralisation of agricultural soils by various methods to enhance microbial activity with use of mulch. This doubled the yield of fruit crops within 4 years i.e., in 1989, Institute of Organic and Sustainable Horticulture and Agriculture Research (IOSHAR), Hyderabad, 1985-2003.

Manufacture of micro-nutrients for folliar and soil applications. From basic compounds for direct use on the farm. The yield in 1994 became three time that of even of most progressive growers of Pakistan, IOSHAR, 1986-2003.

Cultural practice, growth regulators and disease of mango, Private Sector 1989-2003.

Growing temperate crops in Sindh, Private Sector, 1993.

Sustainable Agriculture Development, Sindh Society for Horticulture Science - SSHS, 1994-2003.

Agricultural chemicals used in Pakistan and their effect on environments, IOSHAR, 1995-2003.

Introduction of new fruit crops namely; peaches, lychee, longan, grapes, apples, pomegranates, grape fruit, and plums commercial in hot sub-tropics near Hyderabad Sindh 1989-2003.

Migration from rural to the urban areas and its effects on urban environments, economics and social life, IOSHAR, 1996.

Toxic chemicals on the farm, in food and house hold and their effects on human and animal life for Green Net Work, 1997.

Farm and day to day domestic chemicals and incidence of various types of cancers in human population, Green Network, 1997.

Farm and domestic chemicals and human health problems, Green Net Work, 1997.

Soil Degradation caused by various chemicals, ISCO, 1997-2003.

Farzana has held the following positions;

President, Sindh Rural Women’s Uplift Group 1994 to 2003 and Managing Director, Soil Testing Laboratory (Pvt) Ltd., 1985-2003. Also, Manager at Research & Development Engineers, (Agro-chemistry and organic agriculture Wing) 1982-2003.

Farzana is member of many national and international organisations including:

IBFAN South Asia Facilitating, Talawahugoda, Sri-Lanka; Citizen Petition, Inc., Amberst, USA; International Council for Distance Education, Oslo, Norway; The Third world Organisation for

Women in Science (TWAS), Trieste, Italy; Odi - Agricultural Research and Extension network, London, U.K; Women’s world Summit Foundation (FSMF), Geneva, Switzerland; Sindh Society for Horticultural Science, Hyderabad, Pakistan; Research and Development Engineers, Karachi-Pakistan; Integrated Agriculture Developers, Hyderabad-Pakistan

Farzana Panhwar has visited many international institutes specialising in introduction of fruit and vegetable crops and post-harvest technology. She has the honour to win the 1997 Rural Creativity Award from Switzerland and 1998 Gold Medal of Honour from USA.

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