Hafeez Jalandhri was Urdu language poet, who is most famous for writing the lyrics for the Qaumi Tarana, the national anthem of Pakistan, which he wrote in 1952. He was born on 14 January 1900 in Jalandhar and migrated to
Hafeez Jalandhri was Urdu language poet, who is most famous for writing the lyrics for the Qaumi Tarana, the national anthem of Pakistan, which he wrote in 1952. He was born on 14 January 1900 in Jalandhar and migrated to Lahore after the independence of Pakistan in 1947. Hafeez primarily wrote Urdu poetry, generally dealing with romantic, religious, patriotic and natural themes. His father, Shams-ud-Din, was a Hafiz-e-Qur'an.
Hafeez initially studied in a mosque and later joined a local school. He received formal education until the seventh grade. From 1922 to 1929, Hafeez remained the editor of few monthly magazines namely, Nonehal, Hazar Dastaan, Teehzeeb-e-Niswan, and Makhzin. His first collection of poems Nagma-e-Zar was published in 1935. After the World War II, he worked as the director of the Song Publicity Department.
Hafeez actively participated in Pakistan Movement and used his writings to propagate for the cause of Pakistan. In early 1948, he joined the forces for the freedom of Kashmir and got wounded. He wrote the Kashmiri Anthem, ‘Watan Hamara Azad Kashmir’. He wrote many patriotic songs during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
Hafeez served as Director General of morals in Pakistan Armed Forces, and also held a very prominent position as adviser to the President, Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan and Director of Writer's Guild.
Hafeez Jalandhari’s work of poetry, Shahnam-e-Islam, gave him incredible fame which, in the manner of Firdowsi's Shahnameh, is a record of the glorious history of Islam in verse. He wrote the national anthem of Pakistan composed by Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla.
He is unique in Urdu poetry for the enchanting melody of his voice and lilting rhythms of his songs and lyrics. His poetry generally deals with romantic, religious, patriotic and natural themes. He chooses his themes, images and tunes from the subcontinent and his language is a fine blend of Hindi and Urdu, reflecting the composite culture of South Asia.
Hafeez married his cousin, Zeenat Begum, in 1917 at the age of 17. They had seven children, all girls. In 1939, he took a young English woman as his second wife, which soon ended in divorce. His first wife, Zeenat Begum, died in 1954. In 1955, Hafeez married Khurshid Begum, with whom he had a daughter.
Hafeez Jalandhri was awarded the Hilal-e-Imtiaz and Pride of Performance by the Government of Pakistan for his literary and patriotic services to Pakistan.
Hafeez Jalandhri died in Lahore on 21 December 1982 at the age of 82 years. He was buried in Model Town but his remains were later shifted to a tomb built by the Government of Pakistan near the Minar-e-Pakistan in Lahore, the site of the Pakistan Resolution.